~Meaw & More~


Reactive blogger (~and more~)

South: 19 young men of Sabayoi football team and judiciary process diversion

This was late but just came out in Prachatai yesterday about the ruling from the court of the first instant. In conclusion, the court decided to believed that 19 mens are armed, they fought the state security force and they were killed during a justifiable operation and in self defense. The post-mortem investigation used in court confirm those young men had gun shot wounds, said to be, according to official, a result of law enforcement operation. The court said defendants are armed, they had attacked the police first and after the operation, officials and other ad hoc post mortem team, composing of doctor, administrative officers and others had taken photo of the young men with weapons and collected the weapons used by them

AHRC has another petition, also available at Rules of Lords and UPI Asia.

To reach this finding, the court had to ignore the facts. Some of the evidence it heard but omitted from its verdict included the testimony of a national human rights commissioner. She told the judges that her agency had uncovered nothing to prove that the dead men, aged 18 to 34, had been carrying weapons. Nor was there any discernible damage to the Sabayoi market police post that had supposedly been assaulted.

She also told the court that the victims’ profiles did not fit with the official account that they were violent radicals. A number of them were football players who had been preparing to go and ask a local politician for team sponsorship. Some had pregnant wives.

Perhaps, you may know that in Thailand, we arenot supposed to put too much trust in security officers. But it was clear who were listened to.

Isara news also report diversion of people who turned themselves in from normal judiciary process. The amendment of the law likely to be imposed after the National Security Council has approve the principle.

In case of a person turned him/herself in or an investigator considered that the person did it because of being misguided and that if the person could be normalized would benefit internal security, the investigator may proposed that the person be exempted from penalty under the Criminal Code. The court and the director [of Internal Security Affairs?] are authorized to approved the proposal.

The procedure would include up to six months “training” and other conditions set by the court. The person acquitted must agree to be trained and to follow the conditions. After the training and conditions are fulfilled, the right to sue the person in criminal charge will be dropped.

ทั้งนี้ กฎหมายความมั่นคง มาตรา 21 ระบุว่า “ภายในเขตพื้นที่ที่คณะรัฐมนตรีมีมติให้ กอ.รมน. ดำเนินการตามมาตรา 15 หากปรากฏว่าผู้ใดต้องหาว่าได้กระทำความผิดอันมีผลกระทบต่อความมั่นคงภายในราชอาณาจักรตามที่คณะรัฐมนตรีกำหนด แต่กลับใจเข้ามอบตัวต่อพนักงานเจ้าหน้าที่หรือเป็นกรณีที่พนักงานสอบสวนได้ดำเนินการสอบสวนแล้วปรากฏว่าผู้นั้นได้กระทำไปเพราะหลงผิดหรือรู้เท่าไม่ถึงการณ์และการเปิดโอกาสให้ผู้นั้นกลับตัวจะเป็นประโยชน์ต่อการรักษาความมั่นคงภายในราชอาณาจักร ในการนี้ให้พนักงานสอบสวนส่งสำนวนการสอบสวนของผู้ต้องหานั้น พร้อมทั้งความเห็นของพนักงานสอบสวนไปให้ผู้อำนวยการ
ในกรณีที่ผู้อำนวยการเห็นด้วยกับความเห็นของพนักงานสอบสวนให้ส่งสำนวนพร้อมความเห็นของผู้อำนวยการให้พนักงานอัยการเพื่อยื่นคำร้องต่อศาล หากเห็นสมควรศาลอาจสั่งให้ส่งผู้ต้องหานั้นให้ผู้อำนวยการเพื่อเข้ารับการอบรม ณ สถานที่ที่กำหนดเป็นเวลาไม่เกินหกเดือนและปฏิบัติตามเงื่อนไขอื่นที่ศาลกำหนดด้วยก็ได้
การดำเนินการตามวรรคสอง ให้ศาลสั่งได้ต่อเมื่อผู้ต้องหานั้นยินยอมเข้ารับการอบรมและปฏิบัติตามเงื่อนไขดังกล่าว

PS Meaw is taking weekend off, so this blog will be counted as Saturday blog. My dog need a visit and we have merit making in the family.


Filed under: Security, , , ,

Pistol, yes. But Who?

Matichon published a photo of a man aiming pistols under cover of a wall, the caption read the who is him? The man was photographed by Matichon reporters on the 7th late afternoon/evening. He was inside of Dusit zoo wall and was aiming at the crowd and the police. [mental note : is he left handed?/ photo is not clear enough, take long time to publish? ] Anyway, here it is…

Another autopsy report confirmed that man killed in car bomb is former or probably retired police officer who is also PADs member.

Dodgy. The area is explosive, molotov cocktail, car bomb, pistols, ‘ping pong’ grenades, etc.

I got a call from a friend that a brother of our mutual friend in the province where we are from joined the protest. Being a man in the PADs protest is a difficult requirement, particularly if they are from certain province. I did not hesitate to tell my friend that he should not be the part of the injury of body count. Nobody know who has guns, who will fire and who will be killed. Despite the manufactured hero/ine rhetoric, the country cannot be saved by more body count. And we cannot, in the heavily edited, retouched and CG media technology, believe in anything we see through the media, plus Sonthi said it no non-violent this time. (Wasn’t it no-non-violent from the start? )

And I really feel like whoever using firearms in the riot should be arrested. Officers? PADs? Third Party? the issue cannot be taken lightly and just ‘blame the police.’ With stealth gunmen hiding and shooting people at random, could we set the protest issue aside and deal preventing this man and other people from firing into the mob and the police, with or without political motivation. And if the police will spend some of their resource to address this issue, I’d be appreciated.

Filed under: Political Sciences, Security, , , , ,

South Sea: Take How Many Years to Realize this?

Isara news reported that the 2nd region Navy will ask for integrated patrolling of the lower Andaman sea. The regional Navy forces, Regional Customs Officer and Thai Water Police are requested to cooperate and inspect any suspicious ships that could smuggle arms and explosive, particularly dual nationality ships and modified ships. And it has been how many years already?

Earlier I have a map of possible (and actual) routes of arms smuggling, which obviously can be shipped to the three southernmost provinces. Without insider information, I think waves after waves of illegal or para legal weapons had been smuggled through existing routes already since the beginning of the conflict. Now it is the year 2008.

During a presentation made at ICTS10, I was informed that piracy in international water of Southeast Asia, are active in arms smuggling. I still owed it to the suggestion and looking forwards to find some papers. (There are papers but I was pretty inactive developing my paper further.)

It is now the time to stop using an argument like “porous borders.”

กองเรือภาคที่ 2 คุมเข้มอ่าวไทยป้องกันขนอาวุธป่วนใต้

วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 14 สิงหาคม 2008 22:22น.
ธวัช หลำเบ็ญสะ
อะหมัด รามันห์สิริวงศ์
โต๊ะข่าวภาคใต้ สถาบันอิศรา
    ผู้บัญชาการกองเรือภาคที่ 2 สั่งเรือรบที่ปฏิบัติการลาดตระเวนอ่าวไทยตอนล่าง คุมเข้มเรือประมงต้องสงสัยป้องกันการลักลอบขนอาวุธสงครามและวัตถุระเบิดเข้ามาทางทะเล พร้อมประสานศุลกากรภาค 4 และตำรวจน้ำบูรณาการตรวจค้นจับกุม เน้นเฝ้าระวังเรือประมงดัดแปลงกับเรือสองสัญชาติ ด้านสถานการณ์ไฟใต้ยังระอุ คนร้ายลอบวางระเบิดร้านขายมอเตอร์ไซค์ที่ยะหา คาดตอบโต้เจ้าหน้าที่บุกรวบผู้ต้องสงสัยบึ้มสงขลาที่ยะลา    

    พล.ร.ท.กัมปนาท ภู่เจริญยศ ผู้บัญชาการกองเรือภาคที่ 2 กองเรือยุทธการ ในฐานะผู้อำนวยการศูนย์ประสานการรักษาผลประโยชน์ของชาติทางทะเล เขต 2 เปิดเผยเมื่อวันที่ 14 ส.ค.2551 ว่า กองเรือภาคที่ 2 ซึ่งรับผิดชอบทะเลอ่าวไทยจาก จ.สุราษฎร์ธานี ถึง อ.ตากใบ จ.นราธิวาส และมีหน่วยปฏิบัติการหลักคือกองเรือภาคที่ 2, สำนักงานศุลกากรภาคที่ 4 และกองกำกับการ 7 กองบังคับการตำรวจน้ำ ได้ประสานการปฏิบัติงานร่วมกันในการป้องกันและปราบปรามการลักลอบขนอาวุธสงครามและวัตถุระเบิดเข้ามาทางทะเล
    ทั้งนี้ ได้สั่งการให้เรือรบที่ปฏิบัติการลาดตระเวนในพื้นที่รับผิดชอบให้คุมเข้มเรือประมงต้องสงสัยที่อาจลักลอบขนอาวุธสงครามและวัตถุระเบิดเข้ามาทางทะเลเขตรอยต่อน่านน้ำระหว่างประเทศเพิ่มขึ้นเป็นพิเศษ เพื่อป้องกันและสกัดกั้นไม่ให้มีการลักลอบขนอาวุธสงครามและวัตถุระเบิดเข้ามาในราชอาณาจักรทางทะเลโดยเด็ดขาด
    “ที่ผมสั่งเน้นมากคือให้ตรวจเข้มเรือประมงดัดแปลงและเรือสองสัญชาติต้องสงสัยที่เข้าไปทำประมงร่วมในน่านน้ำมาเลเซีย และเดินทางกลับเข้ามาในน่านน้ำไทย เพื่อรักษาผลประโยชน์ของชาติทางทะเล” ผู้บัญชาการกองเรือภาคที่ 2 ระบุ

Filed under: non proliferation, Political Sciences, Security, , , , , ,

maternal thinking v. state thinking about maternal thinking

12 August is constructed as ‘mother’s day’ of the Thai state.   I took a lot of time to explain to my mom that her birthday is my mother’s day and everyday is actually my  mom’s day.  My mother will not be ‘national mother award’ recipient because she raised me to benefit the state as a good docile citizen. In short, I am not raised to die for the state, to fight for the state, to promote History that oppressed people.

I was reading Sara Ruddick’s Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace  just before mother’s day later the thai national mother awards really turned maternal mentality to promote those who raised children to to fight and die for the state. It would be common to other state, too. I did not know whether the other states will have awards for mother who raised sons to be fighters on mother’s day like this. Women and men alike were told that if our ancestors did not fight and die for this land there will not be a place to live. This year, the caring and peace loving mentality would be transfered to bitter pride of losing sons to the state.

On the other hand, maternal thinking was promoted in the south as  feminity was constructed to be forgiving and peaceful, particularly after experiencing common loss of their  sons, husbands, brother or fathers and relatives, reports of women asking for peace on behalf of lost lives and new lives of their children were also promoted.

Some of national mother award recipients are mothers of soldiers and policeofficers as if to raised a son to be willing to “sacrifice” to kill and be killed and participatd in violence on  behalf of the state is an honour. Meanwhile, a mother would also be held responsible by state if the children directed violence to somewhere the state did not desire. An anynynous mother of GTA immitator who murdered a taxi driver would be lumped together as those who did not raise their children well so that they cause problem to the society. If the young ma had directed the violence to enemies of the state, the mother and children would be some kind of national hero/ heroine. 

 Had maternal thinking is natural and embeded, it would be conflicting for mothers to see their children participating in violence of any kinds. Sometimes maternal thinking is white washed and watered down and meanings of violence are altered to be heroic actions so that we have mothers that support certain violent activities. State maternal thinking can be resumed, given that policing and killing people in the south of thailand or anywhere isnot defined as violence but a glorious duties, praised by the national mother.

Filed under: Security, , , , ,

Ahem, 888 announcement

Democracy in Burma 20 years on: 

We won’t forget, we won’t give up

Let’s stand in solidarity for the people in Burma!!

8 August 2008

10.00 am. Demonstration outside the Chinese Embassy, Ratchadapisek road, MRT – Thailand Cultural Center

12.00 am. Demonstration outside the Burmese Embassy, Sathorn road, near Bangkok Christian School

Please wear RED and bring plea cards if you could!




Filed under: Security

Intimate Affairs

I have been following this Triumph union workers news for a while, a hope that some day, some English Newspaper will pick it up. Prachatai actually posted development of the situation in Thai.

Bangkok Post (1 08 08) finally interviewed Kenneth Marshall, Company managing director.

 A protest by Triumph factory workers over the abrupt dismissal of the head of their labour union _ which workers see as an attempt to undermine the union _ spilled over to the company’s headquarters in Bangkok yesterday. Protesters rallied outside the Vanit building on New Phetchaburi road, which houses the head office of Body Fashion Thailand Co, which manufactures underwear and swimwear for Triumph.


A rally also continued at the factory in the Bang Phli industrial estate in Samut Prakan for the second day yesterday.


They called for the unconditional reinstatement of union leader Jitra Kongdej. The labour union claimed the company was trying to derail the union, which 4,000 of the 5,000 workers have joined, and frame its leader.


On July 8 the company dismissed Ms Jitra, claiming she’d damaged the company’s image by wearing a T-shirt bearing a slogan critical of the monarchy while appearing on a TV show.


Her T-shirt had the slogan ”Not standing is no crime. One who thinks differently is not a criminal” and she wore it on the NBT show Krong Sathanagarn (Situation Filtering) on April 24 to give moral support to Chotisak Onsoong, who was charged with violating the criminal code by refusing to rise when the royal anthem was played before the screening of a film last September.


Promma Boonpan, chairman of the Garment Labour Federation, agreed with the protesters’ view that the company used Ms Jitra’s shirt as an excuse to sack her. Political views are a personal matter, he said, adding that labour activists in one way or another were involved in politics.


He said he would ask other labour unions to condemn the company in writing.


Company managing director Kenneth Marshall said although Ms Jitra was entitled to freedom of expression, her action had hurt the company’s image. The labour union is not the company’s target, he said.


According to a company statement released yesterday, the Labour Court ruled on July 8 that the company had suffered damage to its reputation and its business from the employee’s action. The court said the company had the right to sack the employee to protect itself from further damage. (Emphasis mine.)

It should be noted, according to Prachatai report, that the T-shirt issue had been used to sack union leaders after several ‘comments’ in the Manager website said ‘someone’ will boycott Triumph. Citra said the company linked her t-shirt with lese majeste but to decide if it is actually a lese majeste or not the case should be brought to the Court.

Filed under: Security, , , , , , , ,

Red Zone

Srisompop Chitpiromsri had an interesting article in Deep South Watch and Prachatai. The title read “ศรีสมภพ จิตร์ภิรมย์ศรี: 4 ปีครึ่งไฟใต้: ความล้มเหลวนโยบายคุมพื้นที่สีแดง” (4.5 Years of Southern Fire]: Failure of Policies to Control Red Zones. ) Using casualties analysis, Srisompob summarized that in the “qualitative violence” the number of violence seemed to reduce but each casualties during the latter phase are precise, more violence and, causing more casualties and injuries […] comparing to the earlier phase. [อาจจะตีความได้ว่าความรุนแรงที่เกิดขึ้นในช่วงหลัง เป็นความรุนแรงในเชิงคุณภาพ เป้าหมายชัดขึ้น การก่อเหตุแต่ละครั้งจึงทำให้มีการตายและบาดเจ็บมากขึ้น อย่างดีที่สุดที่มาตรการทางทหารจะทำได้ก็คือจำกัดขอบเขตของการสูญเสียไม่ให้มากเกินไป หรือไม่ก็ป้องกันมิให้แนวโน้มความรุนแรงสูญเสียขยายตัวไปมากขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว จนควบคุมไม่ได้] He estimated that military measures could “only to circumscribe massive casualties or prevent the trend of [casualties] from spreading too fast that they could be out of control.” He offered to solve the problems from fundamental and structural issue

I am interested in zone.
However, was “zone” to be responsible? Should we control red yellow and green zones strictly? Should a village be label and treated accordingly to reduce violence according to the zoning.

Red zone was an example Carlo Bonura’s paper delivered at faculty of Political Sciences, Thammasat University, used to demonstrated “indeterminacy of geographies.”

Political community, as seen in the work of Jacques Ranciere, is
always indeterminate in that it exposes a “gap” that prevents it from totally representing the sum
of its parts. In fact, the core function of political community, according to Ranciere, is to classify, categorize and manage these “parts” of society. (Bonura, 2007)

Zoning is a way to manage the situation, to decide how to deal with local people or how many troops should be deployed. Zoning is never without politicalization. Yet the point I am interested is the perception of zone and security policies. While state treat zone as ‘semi permanent,’ insurgents treated them as elusive. The borders are meant to be crossed, the green zone are meant to be tampered. Whether or not state have to assume the role of “separatist” according to Ranciere, I will leave it to readers to read the rest of interesting article.

As Paisarn Phromyong, the Deputy secretary general
of the Central Islamic Committee of Thailand argued “southern bandits can operate in
any area, not just in a red zone. And a green zone can be turned into a red one at any time if
residents change their minds. (Bonura, 2007, p 7)

A combination of casualties, estimated attitude of people towards state officers, the number of Buddhist/Muslin ratio, cooperation of local people with officers and operation of insurgent would probably be a factor to determine a zone.

Back to Srisompob’s article, from state’s point of view, the zone that the state created would be managed and neutralized,(reduce red to yellow and yellow to green) while Paisarn’s argument suggested that people, not geographical space are factors to determine the zone, according to state’s criteria. Along with military operation, the state has introduced “psychological operation” and other non-military interventions to respective zones (re-education, detention, mobilization of pro-state supporters, arrange for “buddhists” to live in special protected areas so they will not leave the province, etc.) Thus, zone management is also inclusive of people in the zone management, whether they are civilians, partisan, military or insurgents.

Despite zones are fixed, it can be changed, a red can be green and vice versa. Apart of changing people’s mind, casualties, like weapons smuggling, can be imported. But watching a zone is easier than tracking people, eh?

Another point that would be interesting is to compare casualties in zone to see if zoning can help reducing violence?

Filed under: Security, , , , ,

In Short

Still, too many fractions.

The hope of creating major party politics failed miserably. Even a small party like Peau Pan Din, people agreed to disagree with Suwit Kunkitti. Some did not want to leave And how many fractions are there in People Power Party. How many more fraction will PPP have when the rest of the disagree to the leader of the party.

If the election law that was aimed to bring unity to the parliament failed to create a ‘just’ government, it failed again to unite parties and the whole parliament.

It is yet another experiment that the result would be certain once you know what Thai politicians can be like. They are self employed, thus I am not surprised that some party members will want to ditch Suwit so that they can remain with the government. Being in the government is such and interesting incentive.

Filed under: Security

Corporate Tax Cut NOT VAT

After several news that the government will cut VAT to 3%, Surapong Suebwonglee denied that the government will cut VAT to 3% to help lift everyday burden of people but instead the tax cut will cover:

It had also issued measures to reduce the specific business tax for the property sector, allow a deduction for depreciation, and cut corporate taxes.

Surapon reasoned that the government has already implemented six measures such as free 3rd class railway and others for general people. They also decided to postponed increasing VAT to 10% for another two years.

Filed under: Security, , ,

Internal Security Necessary?

Reading Bangkok Post today:

A security expert yesterday urged the government to invoke the internal security law amid mounting political tensions following Thursday’s clash between People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) supporters and their opponents in Udon Thani province.

Panithan Wattanayakorn, a political scientist at Chulalongkorn University, said the internal security law would be the best solution, as police apparently were not capable of keeping the situation under control.

According to Mr Panithan, the enforcement of the internal security law would not undermine the government’s credibility as national stability depended on it. ”If violence is allowed to continue against PAD supporters without any action being taken, it won’t bode well for the government’s image.

”The government may hope that the violence would deter PAD protests which are in fact in accordance with the constitution. But in fact it will threaten the government’s stability,” he said.
Mr Panithan said the government is authorised to invoke the legislation under Article 3 of the constitution.

PAD yesterday demanded army chief Gen Anupong Paojinda, as director of the Internal Security Operations Command (Isoc), take action, or risk possible bloodshed.

”The PAD is calling on army chief Gen Anupong Paojinda, as Isoc director, to show responsibility rather than staying aloof. If he allows the situation to drift further, bloodshed will result and national security will be threatened.

”Those who are mistreated will rise up in arms, and it is about time,” said Sondhi Limthongkul, a PAD core member, reading from a statement.

The PAD condemned the violence in Udon Thani and accused the People Power party of supporting the use of violence against PAD demonstrators.

It said police and local administration authorities sided with ”government’s thugs” in attacking PAD supporters.

Addressing the crowds last night, PAD core member Maj-Gen Chamlong Srimuang challenged the army leader to step down if he was not able to take action following the clash.

”If you claim to have no power [over the issue], just quit, so you can [stay home] and be as powerless as you want. If the military does nothing, there will be bloodshed.”

Early in the day, Gen Anupong said it was not the army’s duty to intervene. He denounced the clash in Udon Thani, saying it would cast the country in a bad light, and asked all parties to desist from violence.

In Udon Thani, the centre of attention, 700 Khon Rak Udon demonstrators led by Kwanchai Sarakham remained at Thung Sri Muang following Thursday’s clash with PAD supporters in which scores were injured.

Khon Rak Udon yesterday denied they started the fight, saying the weapons belonged to PAD protesters who planned to use them against his group.

Mr Kwanchai said the violence would not have occurred had PAD supporters not organised a rally in the province.

”I will fight against them coming here. If they show up here 10 times, we will meet each other 10 times,” he said.

People Power party MPs for Udon Thani Thongdee Manissarn, Wichian Khaokham and Anant Sirphan yesterday turned up at the rally site to give moral support to the demonstrators.

Muang Udon Thani police station and the provincial administration’s public relations office were yesterday flooded with calls from residents who were outraged by authorities’ failure to stop the violence.

National police chief Pol Gen Patcharawat Wongsuwan instructed provincial police chiefs to step up security and prevent such clashes. His deputy, Pol Gen Pansiri Prapawat, said Police Region 4 was ordered to set up a committee to investigate the clash and take legal action against all wrongdoers.

Tension between PADs and the Anti-PADs is rising. Anyway, taking the old formula to account, tension will bring more security force to the daily life . Like Panithan said, it will destabilize government and let security force (read military) to have more power to check on the street. PADsters will demand intervention anyway.

Filed under: Security, , ,