~Meaw & More~

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Reactive blogger (~and more~)

[Draft]Carbon Credit Trade and Indigenous People

Several Thai NGOs disagreed with carbon credit trade, but I could not, for now, find what they were asking for and how they reasoned the issues to the public, who are informed that the trade will benefit the country. Wiwat Tamee, coordinator of Ethnic Minority Groups in the North voiced concerned that government’s carbon credit trading, forced indigenous people to be arrested and driven from forests, which are their traditional home. This people, according to him, did not destroy the forest, but they were forced to change their livelihood because the carbon credit trading does not allow people to live in the forest.(http://www.prachatai.com/journal/2009/05/23932)

Perhaps, more land that indigenous people stayed was confiscated to farm trees in order to sell more carbon credits from reforestation or afforestation.

In the carbon “sinks,” contracts were usually made for a period of 5-10 years. Once the carbon credit was sold, any utilization to that area is strictly prohibited. (Could not find any real contract for now in REDD accreditation system). Consequentially, indigenous people living in the forest have to be forcibly displaced from deforested areas that the could be granted certain kind of deeds.

Experiences of impacts form carbon credit trading to indigenous people in other countries are projected in UN-REDD (REDD: Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries) document (http://www.undp.org/mdtf/UN-REDD/docs/Annex-A-Framework-Document.pdf)

“[REDD] deprive communities of their legitimate land-development aspirations, that hard-fought gains in forest management practices might be wasted, that it could cause the lock-up of forests by decoupling conservation from development, or erode culturally rooted not-for-profit conservation values.” (http://www.huntingtonnews.net/political/080929-staff-politicalclimatechange.html) and see also a more graphic one at (http://www.carbontradewatch.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=94&Itemid=45)

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